HYD0520 Water Resources Development and Management in Arid Regions
Hydrological cycle, natural water resources in the GCC countries (volumes, renewability, sources of pollution, environmental and economic problems associated with over-exploitation), non-conventional water resources in the GCC countries (present and future volumes, environmental and economic problems, constraints), water consuming sectors in the GCC countries (consumption rates and patterns, water sources, areas of water wastage, future demands), problems of water resources management and areas of solution, integrated water resources planning and management, components of water resources development and conservation in the GCC countries, Case studies in management of desert water resources and project.
HYD521: Geostatistical Methods
The problem of estimation and interpolation of environmental, geological, and hydrogeological variables; Statistical Analysis of Variables; Scientific Contouring Methods and Spatial Data Representation; Geostatistical Mapping Techniques (Theory of regionalized variables, Kriging method of estimation, data structural analysis, semivariogram modeling and interpretation, error estimation, Kriging method types); Kriging Method Application (assessment of environmental variables, spatial optimization of environmental monitoring networks, deterministic and stochastic groundwater flow and contaminant transport modeling, …); 3D visualization of environmental variables; Project.
HYD522: Integrated Groundwater Resources Management
Sustainable groundwater management, major issues and challenges, analysis of the level of groundwater management within IWRM framework, aquifer systems characterization, safe yield and over-exploitation, groundwater management strategies, Groundwater Legislation and Regulation, groundwater allocation and licensing, abstraction rights, stakeholder participation, economic and financial instruments, groundwater quality management, groundwater vulnerability to pollution and risk assessment, design of wellhead protection, quantitative and qualitative monitoring, use of groundwater models in management, groundwater and climate change, information management and communication; project on integrated groundwater management in student home country.
HYD0530: Quantitative Hydrogeology
Hydrologic Cycle: components and their quantitative calculation: precipitation, streamflow, evaporation and transpiration, subsurface water, streamflow hydrographs, relations between precipitation and runoff; Groundwater: occurrence, types, flow, relationship between recharge and discharge, interaction with surface water, development, pollution mechanisms, seawater intrusion, safe yield, mining principles, environmental impacts of over-exploitation; Groundwater wells: drilling and development, well hydraulics; Groundwater movement: Darcy’s law, governing partial differential equations under steady-state and transient conditions; Aquifer test analysis/parameters estimation: steady-state and transient conditions for confined, unconfined, leaky aquifer using analytical solutions, step-drawdown, special cases (well storage, boundaries); Spatial Analysis: mapping of aquifer parameters; Project: characterization of groundwater system: use of aquifer test results, geologic information, recharge and discharge to characterize a groundwater system.
HYD0531: Groundwater Flow Mathematical Modeling
The role of simulation modeling in the assessment, management and planning of groundwater resources, principles of groundwater hydrology, groundwater flow governing equation under steady state and transient conditions, initial and boundary conditions, analytical solutions, numerical approximation (derivation, implicit formulation, representation of initial and boundary conditions, representation of sources/sinks, solution techniques), introduction to advective transport modeling, project on groundwater system conceptualization, numerical model construction, and prediction for a real case study.
HYD0630: Groundwater Contaminant Transport Modeling
Sources of groundwater pollution and types of pollutants, protection of water supply wells and design of wellhead protection areas using mathematical models, governing equation for contaminant transport in groundwater, advection, dispersion, chemical reaction, adsorption, biodegradation, types of boundary conditions, types of mathematical digital models, numerical dispersion and oscillation, numerical solution techniques (MOC, MMOC, HMOC, ULTIMATE), simulation of various contaminants transport in groundwater, simulation modelling applications in aquifer storage and recovery (ASR, soil aquifer treatment (SAT), and aquifer storage transfer and recovery (ASTR), design of remediation and cleanup systems, case studies, and project.
WRMU0531 Urban Water Management
Urbanization, urbanization driving forces, major challenges, water-related MDGs; urban water supply systems; urban wastewater system; water supply, sanitation, and health; introduction to Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM), the urban water cycle, sustainability; urban water demands analyses, modeling, and management; balancing supply and demand; environmental, economic, legislative, organizational, and social aspects; artificial recharge of groundwater using urban treated wastewater; application of management models for urban water system.
RES0520 Research Methodologies & Scientific Writing
The course aims at developing the student’s capabilities in experimental and critical thinking, employing scientific methods in research, organizing his/her ideas logically, and writing and presenting his results accurately and clearly. The student is introduced to research methodologies and the basic principles of research design and planning. The student is trained on how to make literature search using the university library, available databases and internet, and methods of citation in his research. In addition, the student’s scientific and technical writing skills are enhanced through practical exercises that will be immediately applied to the student’s own research project.